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The tea party
Release time:2017-08-22

Qi county, located in the southern edge of taiyuan basin, at the foot of taiyue mountain. Inside the territory, there were jia lingyi in the ancient north, and the chuang shan jin meng tongqu; The south had panga post, for the city of yujin. The special geographical location determines the historical status of China unicom's cultural and grassland cultural hub. This special historical position has caused the two different historical destinies of qi county people: one is the misfortune of repeated wars and disasters; The first is the prosperity of trade. Under wangzhuang unearthed ancient tea ceremony in 1961 to 4613 square foot cloth and proved that as early as the spring and autumn period and the warring states period, the business is thriving qixian, especially with "qi" square foot cloth, evidence at that time had COINS of financial history.

Qixian, to the Ming and qing dynasties, the local immigration, firmly grasp the "city" frontier open and military supply historical opportunity, create a brigade trade, in central China is rich in food, cloth, silk, such as iron exchange for MengMin sheep, horse and livestock. By the 17th century, they found that the Mongolian herders had an urgent need for tea, and the profit of tea was more abundant, so they began to write a big article on tea trade. The first is the grand champion.

The founders of the great shengkui are qi county, Taigu County, wang xiangqing, wang xiangqing, and zhang jie of qi county, and the university of qi. Three FeiYang Ceng Zaiqing kangxi dynasty ancient forces when cooks, suit factotum, as pacify junggar insurgency, kangxi after 36 years (1697), cob, cob Mongolia, officially joins the qing dynasty, Mongolia is completely under the qing court management. Emperor kangxi's han merchants restricted access to trade in Mongolia, banned businessmen from settling in Mongolia, and were not allowed to intermarry with the Mongolian people. Wang xianqing and other three people, seize this historic opportunity, the earliest to collect the ticket, rob the brigade Mongolia trade first, the original in the killing of the "ji sheng tang", to be converted to the "big sheng kui". By the time of the two years of yongzheng (1724), the great shengkui had occupied the status of the brigade mengshang leader.

In the early years of qianlong (1736), the great shengkui began to focus on tea. First, the tea merchants were bought from the tea merchants, and their own "goods houses" were exported to all parts of Mongolia. By the middle of the qianlong period (1770 -- 1775), with the rise of the trading city, the great shengkui extended the tea trade to Russia. In order to adapt to the expansion of the tea trade, the big ChengKui in qixian city invested big jade sichuan tea, because in jiangnan tea producing area of brick tea with the word "three jade sichuan", also called "three jade sichuan" tea. Later, the "huge shengchuan" tea house was added, and the "big shengchuan" ticket number was set up by yu shengkui of qi county. In this way, the big shengkui has created "tea ticket" to pursue profit maximization business model. According to the record, in the early republic of China, the first year of the republic of the republic of China, the tea brick, which was sold in the year to the end of the qing dynasty, was about six thousand to eight thousand cases, and the number of the two was over ten thousand cases in three years.


Qixian tea help, as a good team of shanxi, not only in the county in the ancient tea leaves xiema shops, pour goods shop, cook's master temple and so on many heritage, and created the "total ark ticket is engaged in economic, tea, tea industrialization, tea brand marketing, top body stock incentive" five management pattern.

The so-called total cabinet economic model has substantial similarities with the modern "headquarters economy" model. The tea merchants put the total cabinet in the ancient city of qi county; It has its own tea processing base in jiangnan tea producing area; In hankou, on credit and at two things, until the sale of the city (kqtu) has its own sales division. Recently, I learned from my researcher cheong manifested by hui-min lai to research of the qing dynasty (1755-1799) for the management of the horses businessman ", to confirm the qianlong 35 years (1770) brought the ticket to the coulomb's horses trade qixian people up to 9 people, for the most of taiyuan office; Forty years of qianlong (1775), in the horses registered trade merchants qixian for 16 people, including west street has Zhang Pengshan, van knobbly, guang-zong li, Bai Yaobin 4 people, pages are LiuYongXi, xu Hao, WenZheng, antidromic and Fan Liangbi 7, tung Jia Zhao shoe, Jia Zhaoxiang, cheng been reflected, Cheng Zongxi, Cheng Bin five people. It is clear that the number of border traders in qixian county has increased from 9 to 16 in the six years between 1770 and 1775. At the same time, the statistics show that the number of people in liuyongxi, xu zhao and cheng yu-jin is four, and the number of jin merchants is also larger.


Qi county tea gang, first in the early qing qianlong to enter fujian wuyi tea area to collect black tea. According to the records of the handbooks of qi county's tea trader, the author of the book of business records, the tea office of wuyi mountain, in chongan county, jianning prefecture, fujian province, mainly includes the star village and the second plum, which can be purchased by the star village office. The farm can be bought from the plum office. Rock tea small roast, small seed of the mountain top of the mountains good tea to go out of the star village, the tea from shanshan road out of the plum. To the beginning of xianfeng, it was affected by the peasant movement of taiping heavenly kingdom, and blocked black tea in wuyi tea area, and the tea merchants in qi county turned to the two lakes to run black tea.

Qixian tea helped to collect black tea, which first entered the period of hunan anhua in the middle and later of qianlong, and entered the period of jiaqing.

Qi county tea helps to collect the old tea, enter the sheep building cave, the time of the tea area of the sheep, and the time of the black tea collection belong to the same period.

To sum up, qi county tea has been an active part of jin merchants, which has been active in the tea ceremony of the past 200 years, leaving us with an extremely rich cultural heritage. The preservation of this valuable cultural heritage has a profound historical significance for the realization of the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.