Contact Information

Address:No.33, east street, QiXian, Shanxi


Mail box:qjdy1996@126.com

Family business

Home>> Qujia histor>> Family business>>


Qu ji, qi county, the first two sons of the Ming dynasty, two sons loyal and loyal letters back and forth between qi county and the party, poured the local products. Use the party's lute and pear in exchange for qixian's coarse cloth, jujube. Take advantage of the difference between the two prices and make a profit. By the time of the ninth century, the family had initially presented a well-off view, and ended the life of the seller, and started the establishment of a shop floor in the ancient city of qi county.

The 14th canal and the sea were the first to go to the west to get rich. In baotou, he bought more than ten hectares of land and opened a "long source thick" name, which is a vegetable garden, food, oil noodle, tea, and a combination of money and business. To commemorate the birth of the source of thick long, at the same time also hope that the canal's family like chang river source of qixian ever-flowing, benefit the people, qixian canal with the sea in his later years made the "long, source, this, jin, sichuan, rong, wan, who, years, China", as the canal at the sixteenth ranking under the patriarchal lineage. S to the scholars, the third drainage canal with the sea reflected a pond, on the basis of inheriting his father's footsteps, and add the source chuan, long ShunChuan two large tea, we also from hunan, hubei xianning acquisition tea, distribution in northwest and Mongolia, Russia, Europe, become the master of business. Sixteen sewers also began to transport salt in the Yangtze river. At this point, the canal family has accumulated a large amount of commercial capital. There are only four or fifty traders in the name of the canal. By the time of xianfeng and tongzhi (around 1860), the 17th "source" generation, the canal's commercial entered the golden age, culminating in the glorious peak. Canal's source wave source, source Zhen, polyester, source, the source, the brothers an uncle, in addition to wholly owned or joint venture SanJin source, long ChengChuan, hundred sichuan huiyuan, chung, save the righteous public Banks, and other well-known also have many shops, money shop, tea, salt, silks and satins, medicinal herbs, such as business name. It is said that there are hundreds of the number of companies in the whole country, in large and medium-sized cities, and in the water and drought quay, and become a famous big business in China. According to the "shanxi multi-rich", xu ke said that there are between 3 million and 4 million yuan in the canal family in qilian. It's more than that. Rumor has it that the "wang chaejin" canal source has built a silver cellar in the total cabinet of the three jinyuan yuan. After he died, the men dug up 3 million silver. After the revolution of 1911, yan xishan became the governor of Shanxi Province when he became the governor of Shanxi Province. When he borrowed money from the canal source, he borrowed money from the canal source.

There are two types of business words in the canal family: the financial industry, namely, the ticket number, the bank, and the pawn shop. The other is commerce, namely tea, salt, silk, medicine, grain and other industries. One of the characteristics of canal's business is that financial capital and commercial capital are integrated with each other, and each other is complementary and complementary. It is an organic unity.

To introduce the business situation of canal, start with the finance industry.

100 chuan pass

The first ticket business of the canal family. It was founded by the joint venture of canal source, qu yuan, qu yuan, and qu yuan, which is located at 134 south street, pingyao city. Opened in xianfeng ten years (1860), operating in 1918, it took 59 years. There are 10 silver shares and 20 human shares. When closed, capital is 300,000 silver. The previous managers have pingyao wu dahe, qilian incanchuang to, pingyao city of the panglin mountain, liu jingyi, pingyao oil house, the thunder of the life and other people. In taiyuan, TaiGu, qixian, Beijing, tianjin, Shanghai, wuchang, hankou, shashi, xiangtan, changsha, changde, chengdu, chongqing, guiyang, kunming, wuzhou, guilin, guangzhou, chaozhou and shantou, xi 'an, three source is equipped with a semicolon.

The company enjoys a high reputation in all parts of the country. It is known in Shanghai, changsha, changde and wuzhou. In Beijing, he also has a position in Beijing, where he served as President of the Beijing chamber of commerce. The most creditworthy ticket number in guangzhou; In kunming, hankou was the earliest and always famous. The main operation of baichuan is exchange and storage. Because of its association with the rich and wealthy merchants, and registered with the government, it has more business in the government. Guangxu twenty-three, four years (1897 and 1898), guangzhou governor has handed over the two hundred and twenty thousand silver and two of the Russian bank to the bank of China. Guangxu 25 years (1899), the governor of hunan will also pay more than 9000 two hundred and a hundred rivers to the river and the sea to the sea. Guangxu twenty-six years (1900), the governor of hunan paid more than 137,000 yuan ($137,000) to the nine Banks of the capital. Guangxu thirty-one year (1905), and the settlement of more than 13,000 two. In addition, also for the butler management deposit, December 7, 1911, da gong bao "" du xian Chen system army (zhili governor Chen dragon) allowed consultations security bureau will please gentry, the various provincial bureau will deposit list list for checking. The bank of customs and the Treasury Department's real deposit number are listed below: the warehouse has been deposited at $54.274 million by September. The bank of baichuan has two thousand and two thousand and one hundred and two thousand silver. In 1913, according to the list of records compiled by the ministry of finance of beiyang government, according to the records of the 14 tickets of tiancheng heng, the deposit of the bank was 305,000, and the loan was 3.5 million.

It is also one of the first to have a deposit account with foreign investors. "In the last years of guangxu, there were several foreign Banks in hankou, including HSBC, Macquarie, daosheng and zhengjin," recalled zhang zhongquan, who had worked on the slogan. At the time of the silver double, there was also a transfer to the foreign bank. But it rarely borrows money from foreign Banks. For example, the 100 chuan pass, at that time, and two foreign Banks have a deposit relationship.

Thanks to the booming business, baichuan has a lucrative dividend. The general ledger period is 4 years, each share dividend is about 10 thousand, the most time each share bonus is more than 20,000. "Jin merchants'" : "flat help bacc the tong, originally silver and 10, two thousand, as the 10 stocks, even human 20 shares, divided into 30 stocks, and check out 4 years, earnings per share 2.23 two thousand, a total profit of 660000 more than two." The human shares of the 100 - chuan ticket number can reach double the silver share, which is typical of the jinshang ticket. It is estimated that over the course of 59 years, it has paid out over 600 million dollars in dividends.

All the staff of the baichuan branch are well equipped to fulfill their duties. Take hankou for example, the total number of the number 6 is established, and it is not allowed to employ the total number. The division of labor is: 1 person in the palm cabinet, 2 people in the street, 1 person in accounting, 1 person in the letter room, 1 person. After considering hankow port business is more, single 6 people can only handle the business on these things, like guests, silver, letter, such as transaction must be in the local hire people, and only hire 12 people: business (hospitality, send an investigation and other chores) 6 people, the bearers 3 (the shopkeeper) out, cook 2 people, 1 goal,

The huishui of baichuan (huiyuan) is a standard for the exchange of silver and the two horizontal colors, the period of time, the size of the monthly interest and the distance of the road. In 1914, the province of shichuan, which was sent from kunming to the other places, was sent to China. Beijing is receiving water for every two hundred and two. Hankou, changsha, xi 'an, chengdu, chongqing and sha are each receiving 3.5.

Baichuan is one of the earliest exchange tickets. According to the record, guangxu 11 (1885), baichuan and other eight tickets adopted the telegraph exchange method, and received the payment of 135,000 yuan from the guangdong province, which was returned to the navy yamen. The bill will be issued on December 21 and will be delivered on December 27. In the course of the operation, the company suffered two severe blows. One was the financial shock of the 1980s and 1990s, when the deficit was up to two and a half million dollars. The other was the battle of the 1911 revolution, which lost more than a million dollars to hankou and changsha. Chengdu and xi 'an also lost more than 30,000 yuan and more than 18, 000 pieces of clothing. At this point, it was shrinking, and by 1918, it was closed.

The three - jin source ticket number

The ticket number of the three - jin source is the sole proprietorship operation of canal source. Opened in word first year (1862), in 72, in 1924 changed to bank, closed in 1934, is a long time "the big three Banks" (two other jstars opened qixian, a teacher, a teacher, constant Banks). The sanjin source ticket-ticket business is known for its robustness. It has never been involved, and has been largely untroubled. The original capital is 300,000 silver, and the maximum turnover is 6.7m. In the early days, the manager was a man of martial arts. Every three or four years an account period, the dividend per share is nearly 10,000 silver. Over 70 years, more than 3 million silver. It has been established in Beijing, tianjin, Shanghai, zhenjiang, yangzhou, qingjiang, nanchang, sha, chongqing, chengdu, wuhu and other places.

The source of the three - jin source has the financial strength and the management. By the time of the 1911 revolution, other ticket Numbers had been maintained by borrowing, while the three sources could still maintain their business on their own. The three - jin sources also have important status in all places. In Shanghai, the Japanese consul general in Shanghai called it one of the most profitable. One of the most important tickets in hankou; In kunming is known as a giant business; Wuhu is the earliest ticket of the exchange in the wuhu.

The third jinyuan ticket number business is much more than the official government transaction, the payment of the money is large. General solution according to the theory of variable reimbursement of the articles of association ", "Yuan Shuang autumn (officer) of primary principal extended observation from wuhu to close (in 1876, in accordance with the Sino-British yantai treaty, start bi commercial port set off), ren, since every Que method of the service in good meaning beauty, all actual. In the case of the government of the state council, the government of the state council of the United States and the government of the state council of the United States and the government of the state council of the United States of China. At the end of the year, the payment of tens of thousands of yuan to the shanxi ticket merchants. The other "huguang governor Chen kuong" has been reported to have paid for the return of the KRSZ, which has been handed over to the han town of tianshun xiang, sanjin source and other traders to Shanghai.

The receipt and remittance of the three jinyuan bank will be the first to ensure that the customer can withdraw the money on time. There are strict rules on payment time: pay for Shanghai on the 10th day after the date of sight, or 12 days after the date of remittance. Payment shall be made on 10 or 15 days after the date of sight. Payment will be made on the 16th day for suzhou. Payment will be made on the 17th, but not more than 17 days. On the withdrawal, strict implementation of "by myself" and other provisions. In order to prevent errors, most of the semicolons have been "concatenated" with other ticket Numbers.

The three jinyuan ticket number has actively participated in the trade organization of the ticket-ticket guild, and has played an important role. During the reign of emperor guangxu, he participated in the "shanxi huiye gongyuan" in Shanghai. By coordinating the relationship between the company and the company, the interests of the company are protected.

In addition to the exchange business, the three - jin source has also issued a lot of silver tickets. In the two years of xuantong (1910), the number of silver votes in Beijing was 28,000, with a provision of 152,000.

In order to meet the needs of the development of The Times, the third-jin yuanyuanyuan has also done some useful things to promote the development of modern industry, which has not only maintained its own management, but also made efforts for social progress. At the end of the qing dynasty, when the business of the civil service bureau was replaced by the post office, part of the exchange rate was taken away by post office, which was bad for the ticket business. The three jin sources have jointly negotiated with the postal service of daedeyu, wei rich and co-qing, and made special postal articles, which supported the postal service, and also made use of the postal service to maintain the business. The charter was approved by the general post office. During the westernization movement period, SanJin source to participate in the exchange funds between machine bureau, three years guangxu (1877) by the SanJin source and xintai thick each send 1, two thousand, minister of beiyang government of tianjin and fujian minister judgment hall.

In order to safeguard the rights of Shanxi Province, in the modern shanxi dispute mining movement, each ticket number has actively invested in the establishment of baojin mining company, the three jin yuan investment 600 shares, the silver 3000 two. In order to build the railway, the three jin sources undertook some collection of railway funds and cushion loans. In the construction of sichuan and han railway, the sanjin source in hankou and yichang semicolon received two hundred thousand and two hundred. In the construction of the shanxi tongpu railway, people from all walks of life pushed the channel to raise money for the promotion mat of the various ticket-holders, and subscribed to the shares of CPU railway for 600,000 two.

In the early years of the republic of China, because of the warlords' scuffle, the run was on the tide, some of the ticket Numbers went out of business, some of the tickets were closed, and the three jin yuan was still open for business, but the operating capacity began to shrink. In 1924, it was changed to "sanjin source silver". The exchange business is very small at this time, mainly making loans. At the end of 1933, it was established in Shanghai, yangzhou, jiangxi, hubei, hunan, tianjin and Beijing. It was closed in 1934.

Deposit the name of the public ticket

The bank, which is a joint venture of jinxian, qu yuan, and zhangzuo, was reorganized into a ticket number and opened in tongzhi yuan (1862), which lasted 54 years and closed in 1916. The interim capital was 62,000 and closed at 246,000. The previous managers have qixian county dahan village jie xian 5, qi county town neiluo xiu 1, wenshui county wenjing 3 et al. The dividend per share is about 10,000 silver. In 54 years, the dividend is over 1 million. In taiyuan, TaiGu, Xin county, Beijing, tianjin, zhangjiakou, naturalization, baotou, kaifeng, zhoukou, Meng County, jilin, Shanghai, shenyang, yingkou, hankou, shashi, the place such as chengdu, chongqing, suzhou is equipped with a semicolon.

There are less capital than the three sources of capital in the opening of the bank of righteousness, but it is important in the semicolons of the whole country because of its good management. In Shanghai, hankou and suzhou are listed as the famous ticket Numbers, which are also influential in Beijing. Ma yuying, the owner of the Beijing chamber of commerce, has held an important position in the Beijing chamber of commerce.

There is also a link between the bank of China and the wealthy businessmen, and the government is registered in the late qing dynasty. According to the relevant information, guangxu (1905), the bank of yigong and the number of the tickets were jointly liable for the payment of government reparations. In the thirty-second year of guangxu (1906), the department of the household has a deposit of 50, 000 and a quarter of a year. In the same year, the land and military department had a deposit of 19.55 million and a withdrawal of 19.55 million. In 1913, according to the 14 tickets of tiancheng heng, the ministry of finance of the beiyang government held a statistical table of actual performance, depositing a total of 150.3 million yuan and a loan of 194.4 million yuan.

The relationship between the public and business development is closely related, and the information on the failure of the business and the damage to the right of the public can be seen that they are "an honor and a loss". In the fifteenth year of guangxu (1889), the chongqing jiading group collapsed, owing to a loss of 15, 62,000. Guangxu thirty-four years (1908), chongqing salt merchant changshun, the bankrupt, owed the justice of 62,000. In the same year, five Banks, such as hankou famous yisheng long, went out of business.

In the form of depositing funds and prospectuses, the stock price has been supported by modern industrial development. Guangxu 32 years (1907), invested 3000 2 in baojin company, 600 shares. Guangxu thirty-three years (1908), the bank of righteousness for the chuanhan railway to take deposits of 52,000. In the two years of xuanchang (1910), the company has been collecting silver for henan guangyi spinning co., LTD.

In the battle of xinhai, there was also a serious loss of the ticket. According to the report of the government of beiyang government, there were 14 tickets, such as tiancheng heng. At this time, the government of the northern ocean was very tight, and the operation of the righteous business was increasingly difficult, and it was closed in 1916.

Huiyuan chung no

Huiyuan chung ticket is a pingyao gang, funded by the canal source. Founded in guangxu seven years (1881), it lasted four years and was closed for eleven years (1885). When closed, capital was 140,000 silver (62,000). The manager made a point for the nanqi people. In Beijing, tianjin, Shanghai, hankou, xi 'an, sanyuan, changsha, changde, chengdu and other places have a semicolon.

The long shengchuan ticket number

The long shengchuan ticket number is the sole proprietorship of the channel source, and guangxu ten (1884) is changed from the long yuechuan tea house to the ticket number. It took 25 years and closed in 1909. The medium term capital is 160,000 silver, the maximum time is 200,000. In 25 years, the dividend was nearly two million silver. In taigu, fenyang, naturalization, baotou, Beijing, tianjin, tongzhou, zhangjiakou, credit flag town, Shanghai, hankou, sha city, xinghua town and other places with number 13.

Long yuchuan tea house

Long yuchuan tea village is one of the longest and largest business of the jinshang. It has always been the old name of the canal house. Its predecessor, chang shunchuan, was founded in the reign of emperor qianlong and jiaqing dynasty, and the founder was the grandfather canal of canal source chao. During the reign of emperor guangxu, the name was changyu chuan, which was taken over by sun qu jinshan in the period of the republic of China. The total number is in the alley of qi county. There are over 10 branches in hankou, changsha, nanchang, yangzhou, xiwei, zhangjiakou, suiyuan and tianjin. There are more than 100 employees, and there are more than 20 employees in the total number. Long yuchuan operates tea, belonging to acquisition, processing, trafficking, wholesale and one-stop nature. In hubei, hunan, sheep sheep floor hole building, xianning has tea mountain, a large number of buy tea, on-site processing, then the long-distance transportation, the east and west two (zhangjiakou, killed in escaping) marketing of Mongolia and Russia. Or from hankou to the Yangtze river, to the sea, to Europe. Thanks to its high quality and reputation, Russian businessmen and Mongolian herders have rushed to buy tea with the words long yukawa, which can even replace the currency in circulation. In the middle of the qing dynasty to the early republic of China, the tea industry was extremely prosperous. Generally speaking, when the price of tea is stable, at least 2 silver can be obtained for each case of tea. At the peak time, the profit of each case is more than 7, and the profit is extremely high. After 1931, the tea industry was in decline, and it was very stagnant, and long yuchuan changed its business to specialise in salt, and it was a warehousing business in hankou. The company has spent 400,000 yuan on a warehouse to store salt and other warehousing businesses. The salt industry is transported by jiangsu huaibei salt field and shipped along the Yangtze river to jiangxi, hubei, hunan and other places. The scale was called the crown. During the Anti-Japanese War, I also ran cotton cotton yarn and other military services in chengdu. On the eve of the founding of the People's Republic of China, all the semicolons were withdrawn, leaving only one place in hankou.

Yongchun original pharmacy

Yongchun original pharmacy is the old name of the canal house, opened in qing daoguang and xianfeng years, the total number is located in qixian city north street. It is a traditional Chinese traditional Chinese medicine processing enterprise, which has a wide range of business scope, and has a wide range of products. Long years pay high salary to hire Chinese traditional Chinese medicine to sit on the consultation. The counter is full of service, the soup and pills, pills and Dan. The store's home-brewed "anti-epidemic treasure" and "pingsha pills" for the stomach and intestines were the essential medicine for the family. The existing information of qi county records, yongchun yuan also produces "turtle age set". Every medicine that it sells is wrapped in a special paper, with the name, function and usage of the paper, which is deeply admired by the guests. It has branches in beiping, tianjin, jinan, qizhou, yuzhou, anguo, baotou, xi 'an, chengdu, hankou, guangzhou, Hong Kong, kunming and other places. It is engaged in procurement and wholesale business. In the period of the republic of China, the canal jinshan and its cousin canal jinyun jointly operated, after the canal jinyun sole proprietorship. However, he died at an early age, still managed by canal yan, capital of 30 thousand yuan, because of the management of the company, only the flow of funds amounted to more than 300,000 yuan, capital appreciation ten times. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, yongchun was originally reorganized as hongda drugstore, which was incorporated into qixian herbal medicine company.

Jinyucheng buzhuang

Jinyu chengbuzhuang is a sole proprietorship operation of canal jinshan. It is the gold and silver jewelry store in qixian, which took over the business in the early years of the republic of China. The total number is in yuci, Shanghai, xi 'an, zhengzhou, chengdu and other places all have a semicolon, to the wholesale, the Anti-Japanese War to close the business.

Set qing and xia buzhuang

Ji qing and xia bu zhuang were established by the elder yuchuan in the early republic of China. At the north level, the village of rongchang, sichuan province, will sell the summer cloth from sichuan to the three provinces, north Korea and Russia. The xia buzhuang is a joint venture between canal yan and his cousin canal jinyun. After the death of jinyun canal, it was fully operated by jinshan, which was in the northeast of the country. The former staff of the former chabang village continued to operate for some time before the victory of the war of resistance against Japan.

Cheng ji tea,

Cheng kee tea is the sole proprietorship of jinshan. During the war of resistance against Japanese aggression. The company specializes in "three and tea" (also known as "two thousand tea", the cylinder, weighs one thousand two). The total number is in anhua, hunan province, and has a tea factory, which is bought and produced by anhua and shipped to xi 'an for sale. Until the founding of new China, it continued to operate, at that time the capital RMB 300 million yuan (old currency). In 1956, hunan anhua and xi 'an, the joint public and private joint ventures, hunan anhua and xi 'an, the equivalent of the equivalent of RMB 23871 yuan and 277,45.5 yuan respectively.

Book industry sincere ancient calligraphy and calligraphy shop

Books are ancient word HuaDian honesty canal JinShanZai receiving early in the qing dynasty set up in 1923, shanxi history books ", "- the largest private bookshop, born of the total number in taiyuan boots lane, 30, 2003, taiyuan, taiyuan city government as a" cultural heritage "protected), a semicolon, qixian major publishing printed ancient books, ancient rare books and celebrity calligraphy and painting, with stationery, paper, is a famous old taiyuan. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the paper mainly ran stationery paper, then capital RMB 60 million yuan (old currency). In 1956, the joint venture was merged into taiyuan xinhua bookstore, which is equivalent to 8024.87 yuan.

It's the tower store

It is the famous laozihao in qi county, which is located at the intersection of east street, the most prosperous east street in the city, and was connected with jinyun, a cousin of qu jinshan and his cousin, in the republic of China. It is the pastry made in shenglou, which is popular with customers by selecting materials and processing fine. Qi county folk proverbs have "to eat good is the shenglou". Its products are sold to baotou, suiyuan, beiping, tianjin and other places. Each year in qi county, a large number of moon cakes are made in the sheng building, and the Mid-Autumn festival is distributed to each other for the use of the customers and "meet" customers. Is floor of moon cakes from the varieties are: pulp, dates, beans and the mixed sugar, mix bean, mixed jujube, suede, honey cake, narcissus, jade fairy cake, rock candy, cake, snow lotus, gold cake, crisp uninvited red, natural white, FuLingBing, exquisite cakes, dry and peels, Guo Dulin, etc. Some varieties only agree on processing, not to be listed, such as snow lotus crisp only for the county of qiao jijibao "in the middle court". From 1919 to 1937, it was a special two-hundred-kilogram moon cake made in the tower of shenglou, and a new school, founded by jinshan, was given to the whole school for the use of teachers and students. A store is sharing. It is the heaviest mooncake in qilian. Another well-known brand in shenglou is the fresh mung bean cake, which is made every year on May 13th, 27th and June 19th. Take a selection of mung beans steamed and peeled, grind into mud, add twice as many white sugar, sift into the mold, apply fine sugar to make noodles, cut into pieces and add "longevity" print; If the filling is divided into two types, the middle clip is with bean paste, rose cream, hawthorn mud and so on. The day is done, the afternoon supply, only one day, sold out. This kind of green bean cake is cool and sweet, and it has the effect of losing heat and detoxification and clearing the mind, which is popular with the people of qi county. Stopped after 1942. After the founding of new China, it continued to operate, at that time the capital RMB 20 million yuan (old currency). In 1956, the public-private partnership was changed to the first municipal department of food and food in qi county, with a total of 2,227 yuan.

In addition to running businesses, the canal family has poured a lot of enthusiasm into industry. In the twenty-eighth year of guangxu (1902), the company took over the official shanxi match bureau and reorganized it as a matchmaking company. Twenty years later, the company's property value added 200 thousand yuan, for the original investment more than 10 times, qu's dividend of 200,000 yuan. In addition, in shanxi baojin mining company, jinhua gauze factory, jinsheng textile mills and other enterprises, qu's family has a huge investment, only one person in the company has a 50, 000 yuan stake in baojin company.